We report observations on reproductive phenology, fecundity, and sporocarp morphology for a population of the semiaquatic fern Marsilea mollis B.L. Rob. & Fernald in southern Arizona and document the parasitic relationships of 2 insects collected with the plants. The recently described weevil Notiodes sporocarpicus O'Brien (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) utilizes the fern's sporocarp as a brood chamber, only the second documented instance of this form of parasitism in the United States. The wasp Lyrcus maculatus (Gahan) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) is a parasitoid of the weevil in this system.
Mauz, Kathryn and Reeder, John R.
"Marsilea mollis (Marsileaceae) sporocarps and associated insect parasitism in southern Arizona,"
Western North American Naturalist: Vol. 69:
3, Article 12.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/wnan/vol69/iss3/12