Many desert perennials are long-lived, but there are few data on ages or population structures of desert plants. We used 2 methods to estimate ages of a population of Yucca brevifolia (Joshua tree) in southwestern Utah from a 14-year census of plant sizes. Plant height at the 1st census ranged from 0.08 m to 6.0 m, and trees grew in height at a mean rate of 3.75 cm · yr−1. Plants also increased slowly in basal diameter (0.142 cm · yr−1) and branch length (0.024 m · yr−1), but basal diameter varied greatly from year to year, with many plants decreasing in diameter between sequential censuses. Forms of a nonlinear growth equation (the Richards function) did not fit the data on growth in height, but a simple linear relationship fit the data well. Using height as a linear predictor of age, we estimated that ages of a sample of 69 Joshua trees ranged from <20 to >300 years old, with 75% of the trees between 20 and 100 years and 11% over 150 years old. These data support the assumption that Joshua trees are indeed long-lived.
Gilliland, Kimberly D.; Huntly, Nancy J.; and Anderson, J. E.
"Age and population structure of Joshua trees (Yucca brevifolia) in the northwestern Mojave Desert,"
Western North American Naturalist: Vol. 66
, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/wnan/vol66/iss2/6