The influence of seed harvester ant (Pogonomyrmex rugosus) colonies on soil properties and soil surface and moisture characteristics was investigated through comparison of adjacent, nonnest (reference, 4 m beyond ant colony) areas in Las Vegas, Nevada. Effects of ant colonies on both terrace and slope sites were investigated. Soil moisture content and soil bulk density in a creosote bush (Larrea tridentata)–dominated shrubland were significantly lower, while soil temperature, soil organic matter, and percent pore space were significantly higher in soils with ant nests relative to adjacent reference soils. Soil pH and texture did not differ significantly between nest and reference soils. Among soil surface characteristics, percent bare soil and rock (gravel, cobble, and boulder) cover were not significantly different between nest and reference soils. In evaluating soil moisture characteristics, soils with ant nests had a significantly higher water infiltrability and greater depth of water penetration, but a significantly lower area of water spread (surface-water runoff) at both terrace and slope sites. Between the 2 geomorphic surfaces, water infiltrability and depth of water penetration were significantly greater at the terrace than at the slope. Water-borne soil movement (fluvial erosion) was significantly greater at the slope than terrace but did not differ significantly between nest and reference soils. The presence of active P. rugosus colonies in the L. tridentata-dominated shrubland altered certain soil properties and appeared to have a protective influence on the soil by fostering more infiltration and less runoff of surface water in southern Nevada.
Lei, Simon A.
"Ecological impacts of seed harvester ants on soil attributes in a Larrea-dominated shrubland,"
Western North American Naturalist: Vol. 60
, Article 11.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/wnan/vol60/iss4/11