Simulating Capillary Gas Chromatographic Separations including Thermal Gradient Conditions
Thermodynamic modeling, Chromatography, Molecules, Colloids, Heat transfer
This article presents a method of simulating molecular transport in capillary gas chromatography (GC) applicable to isothermal, temperature-programmed, and thermal gradient conditions. The approach accounts for parameter differences that can occur across an analyte band including pressure, mobile phase velocity, temperature, and retention factor. The model was validated experimentally using a GC column comprised of microchannels in a stainless-steel plate capable of isothermal, temperature-programmed, and thermal gradient GC separations. The parameters governing retention and dispersion in the transport model were fitted with 12 experimental isothermal separations. The transport model was validated with experimental data for three analytes using four temperature-programmed and three thermal gradient GC separations. The simulated peaks (elution time and dispersion) give reasonable predictions of observed separations. The magnitudes of the maximum error between simulated peak elution time and experiment were 2.6 and 4.2% for temperature-programmed and thermal gradient GC, respectively. The magnitudes of the maximum error between the simulated peak width and experiment were 15.4 and 5.8% for temperature-programmed and thermal gradient GC, respectively. These relatively low errors give confidence that the model reflects the behavior of the transport processes and provides meaningful predictions for GC separations. This transport model allows for an evaluation of analyte separation characteristics of the analyte band at any position along the length of the GC column in addition to peak characteristics at the column exit. The transport model enables investigation of column conditions that influence separation behavior and opens exploration of optimal column design and heating conditions.
Original Publication Citation
Tolley, H. D., Avila, S., Iverson, B. D., Foster, A. R., Hawkins, A. R., Tolley, S. E., and Lee, M. L., 2021, “Simulating capillary gas chromatographic separations including thermal gradient conditions,” Analytical Chemistry, 93, pp. 2291–2298. DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.0c04160
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Tolley, H. Dennis; Avila, Samuel; Iverson, Brian D.; Foster, Austin R.; Hawkins, Aaron R.; Tolley, Samuel E.; and Lee, Milton L., "Simulating Capillary Gas Chromatographic Separations including Thermal Gradient Conditions" (2021). Faculty Publications. 5612.
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering
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