Title

Intergenerational Transmission of Violence: the Influence of Self-Appraisals, Mental Disorders and Substance Abuse

Keywords

Violence transmission, Self-appraisal, Mental disorders, Self-esteem, Substance abuse

Abstract

Although research has demonstrated connections between experiencing abuse as a child and being in a violent relationship as an adult, the specific mechanisms through which this transmission occurs are unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between certain personal factors (self-appraisals and mental/substance use disorders) and experiencing violence as an adult. Data from the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) 1990–1992 were utilized. Respondents who reported experiencing childhood abuse or victimization and were in a current intimate partnership (N = 590) were selected for analysis. Multivariate logistic regression indicated that low self-esteem, past year PTSD, and past year alcohol dependence were significantly associated with intimate partner violence after controlling for other self-appraisals and mental disorders.

Original Publication Citation

Whiting, J. B., Simmons, L. A., Havens, J., Smith, D., & Oka, M. (2009). Intergenerational transmission of violence: The role of self appraisals and mental health factors. Journal of Family Violence, 24, 639-648. doi: 10.1007/s10896-009-9262-3

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date

2009-07-21

Publisher

Journal of Family Violence

Language

English

College

Family, Home, and Social Sciences

Department

Family Life

University Standing at Time of Publication

Full Professor

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