survival analysis, microarray, elastic net, variable selection


Use of microarray technology often leads to high-dimensional and low-sample size (HDLSS) data settings. A variety of approaches have been proposed for variable selection in this context. However, only a small number of these have been adapted for time-to-event data where censoring is present. Among standard variable selection methods shown both to have good predictive accuracy and to be computationally efficient is the elastic net penalization approach. In this paper, adaptations of the elastic net approach are presented for variable selection both under the Cox proportional hazards model and under an accelerated failure time (AFT) model. Assessment of the two methods is conducted through simulation studies and through analysis of microarray data obtained from a set of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma where time to survival is of interest. The approaches are shown to match or exceed the predictive performance of a Cox-based and an AFT-based variable selection method. The methods are moreover shown to be much more computationally efficient than their respective Cox- and AFT-based counterparts.

Original Publication Citation

Engler, David and Li, Yi (29) "Survival Analysis with High-Dimensional Covariates: An Application in Microarray Studies," Statistical Applications in Genetics and Molecular Biology: Vol. 8 : Iss. 1, Article 14.

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date


Permanent URL


Berkeley Electronic Press




Physical and Mathematical Sciences