The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between body image, attitudes about appearance, and levels of constrained leisure for college-age women and their mothers. It also examined how the body image concerns of young women are influenced by their mothers'. Thompson and Gray's Body-Image Assessment Scale (BIAS) was used to assess body image while Spangler's Beliefs About Appearance Scale (BAAS) was used to assess the participants' beliefs about appearance. Raymore's hierarchical leisure constraints scale was used to measure levels of leisure constraints. The sample was taken from female students at a private western American university and consisted of 116 daughters and 76 mothers. The data supported the hypotheses that body image and beliefs about appearance pose significant leisure constraints for college-age as well as middle-aged women. The data also indicated some maternal influence on appearance-related concerns of daughters.
College and Department
Marriott School of Management; Recreation Management
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Liechty, Toni, "Body Image and Beliefs About Appearance: Maternal Influences and Resulting Constraints on Leisure of College-Age Women" (2004). All Theses and Dissertations. 1130.
appearance, body image, leisure constraints, women