caffeine, withdrawal, nurse practitioner, review


Caffeine is the most consumed psychoactive drug in the world and those who consume it frequently become dependent. Even if individuals desire to quit caffeine, they may not be able to due to withdrawal side effects, or a lack of knowledge of how to quit. Harmful effects of long-term caffeine consumption include fatigue, irritability, headaches, nausea, and depression. The goal of this literature review was to explore current evidence on different methods to quit or reduce caffeine use and minimize caffeine withdrawal effects in those who are dependent. A literature review of studies from 2014 to 2020 was conducted using the databases CINAHL, PsychInfo and Medline. Using a gradual caffeine dose taper is successful in helping people quit caffeine or reducing caffeine intake and keeping a journal of caffeine intake is a useful tool to promote long-term cessation of caffeine consumption. Exercising for 20 minutes a day helps combat withdrawal effect, by positively increasing mood and alertness. Professional counseling has proven effective in assisting with caffeine withdrawal and providing individuals with information about caffeine may assist in both reducing or stopping caffeine intake. Nurse practitioners should assess patients for caffeine use and desire to reduce caffeine consumption. Strategies identified in this literature review may be helpful in assisting patients quit or reduce caffeine intake while minimizing withdrawal effects.

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date








University Standing at Time of Publication

Graduate Student


Paper was done as part of requirement for graduation, not for one specific class.

Included in

Nursing Commons