Opera Quarterly, Pagliacci
Ruggero Leoncavallo's Pagliacci is often treated as a clone of its perpetual harness-mate, Pietro Mascagni's Cavalleria rusticana , and it does share a common dramatic form: an amatory betrayal leads to homicide on a hot Mediterranean day, the sanguinary denouncement delayed long enough for the orchestra to play a melting intermezzo. Leoncavallo's opera, however, is of more cosmopolitan stripe than Cavalleria, which has a certain hot-from-the-griddle crudity of gesture and craft.
"Send in the Clowns,"
Journal of the Jussi Björling Societies of the USA & UK: Vol. 16
, Article 14.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/jussibjorlingsociety/vol16/iss1/14