Paper/Poster/Presentation Title

Evaluation of Forest Fire Fighting Simulator

Keywords

forest fire, fire propagation model, fire behavior

Start Date

27-6-2018 9:00 AM

End Date

27-6-2018 10:20 AM

Abstract

The Forest Fire Fighting Training Simulator (3FTS) is an interactive, real time simulation software designed to improve organization, coordination and firefighting capabilities of the different level fire managers in fighting forest fires. 3FTS utilizes a high fidelity fire propagation model to simulate fire behavior, and a fire suppression model to introduce the effects of the firefighting actions taken by the virtual firefighting crew or equipment in a synthetic environment. In this study, fire propagation model of 3FTS was explained first, describing how the factors that affect fire behavior, such as weather, fuel and topography were incorporated into the model. Then, the fire propagation results of the 3FTS were compared with those of the Fire Area Simulator (Farsite), a fire behavior prediction model accepted globally as one of the main fire simulation systems that utilizes a semi-empirical fire propagation model. The comparison was made in terms of the total size and the shape of the perimeter of the burned area. The two models were also compared in terms of the methods employed for some other characteristics of fire behavior, such as the application of spot fire, interaction of two fires approaching to each other, and handling the effects of the fire suppression actions. Finally, the results of the experiments were evaluated and some suggestions were made.

Stream and Session

Stream E: Modeling for Planetary Health and Environmental Sustainability

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Jun 27th, 9:00 AM Jun 27th, 10:20 AM

Evaluation of Forest Fire Fighting Simulator

The Forest Fire Fighting Training Simulator (3FTS) is an interactive, real time simulation software designed to improve organization, coordination and firefighting capabilities of the different level fire managers in fighting forest fires. 3FTS utilizes a high fidelity fire propagation model to simulate fire behavior, and a fire suppression model to introduce the effects of the firefighting actions taken by the virtual firefighting crew or equipment in a synthetic environment. In this study, fire propagation model of 3FTS was explained first, describing how the factors that affect fire behavior, such as weather, fuel and topography were incorporated into the model. Then, the fire propagation results of the 3FTS were compared with those of the Fire Area Simulator (Farsite), a fire behavior prediction model accepted globally as one of the main fire simulation systems that utilizes a semi-empirical fire propagation model. The comparison was made in terms of the total size and the shape of the perimeter of the burned area. The two models were also compared in terms of the methods employed for some other characteristics of fire behavior, such as the application of spot fire, interaction of two fires approaching to each other, and handling the effects of the fire suppression actions. Finally, the results of the experiments were evaluated and some suggestions were made.