Great Basin Naturalist


Proper quadrat and sample sizes for sampling species frequency vary among vegetation types. This study found 10 × 10-cm quadrats most appropriate for frequency sampling dry mountain meadows when using a single quadrat size. If large, broad-leaved forbs are of special interest, 25 × 25-cm, 25 × 50-cm, or 50 × 50-cm quadrats may be useful. One hundred 10 × 10-cm quadrats adequately sampled most common species at alpha = 0.20 ± 10% frequency. In contrast, more than five hundred 0.29-m2 circular plots usually were needed to sample individual species yield at alpha = 0.20 ± 20% of the mean.