Avoidant and anxious attachment styles are both negative ways of dealing with the need for connection or bonding. One reason these attachment styles develop is in “the absence of a secure bond with an available and responsive ‘other,’ rigid, repetitive internal and interpersonal coping patterns or attachment strategies develop” (Brubacher, 2017, p. 52–53). These coping patterns are made manifest in either avoidant or anxious attachment behaviors and are mainly expressed in relation to spouses and children.
"Effects of Parents’ Avoidant and Anxious Attachment on Children,"
Family Perspectives: Vol. 4:
1, Article 1.
Available at: https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/familyperspectives/vol4/iss1/1