HRI, human-robot interaction, human factors, robotics, cognitive psychology


Human–Robot Interaction (HRI) has recently received considerable attention in the academic community, in labs, in technology companies, and through the media. Because of this attention, it is desirable to present a survey of HRI to serve as a tutorial to people outside the field and to promote discussion of a unified vision of HRI within the field. The goal of this review is to present a unified treatment of HRI-related problems, to identify key themes, and discuss challenge problems that are likely to shape the field in the near future. Although the review follows a survey structure, the goal of presenting a coherent “story” of HRI means that there are necessarily some well-written, intriguing, and influential papers that are not referenced. Instead of trying to survey every paper, we describe the HRI story from multiple perspectives with an eye toward identifying themes that cross applications. The survey attempts to include papers that represent a fair cross section of the universities, government efforts, industry labs, and countries that contribute to HRI, and a cross section of the disciplines that contribute to the field, such as human factors, robotics, cognitive psychology, and design.

Original Publication Citation

M. A. Goodrich and A. C. Schultz. Human-Robot Interaction: A Survey. Foundations and Trends in Human-Computer Interaction, 1(3), 27, pp 23-275.

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

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Physical and Mathematical Sciences


Computer Science