acoustic filter, supercritical plates, grating lobes


The effect of placing a structural acoustic filter between water and the transducer elements of an array to help reduce undesirable grating lobes is investigated. A supercritical plate is mounted to transducer elements with a thin decoupling polyurethane layer between the transducers and the plate. The plate acts as a radiation/incidence angle filter to pass energy at angles near normal incidence, but suppress energy at large incidence angles. Grating lobe reduction is achieved at the expense of limiting the available steering of the main lobe. Within this steer angle limitation, the main lobe can be steered as normal while the grating lobe level is reduced by the plate’s angular filtering. The insertion of a plate structural filter provides, in principal, an inexpensive and easily implemented approach to extend usable frequency bandwidth with reduced level grating lobes, without increasing the number of array elements. Even though the data match theory well, a practical material has yet to be found that possesses optimal material properties to make the proposed idea practical. This work represents the first attempt to advantageously utilize a plate above its critical frequency to provide angular dependent sound transmission filtering.

Original Publication Citation

B. E. Anderson, W. J. Hughes, and S. A. Hambric, "Grating lobe reduction in transducer arrays through structural filtering of supercritical plates," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 126, 612-619 (29).

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

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Acoustical Society of America




Physical and Mathematical Sciences


Physics and Astronomy