Coal, Additive, Combustion


Iron-based catalysts have been shown to enhance coal pyrolysis and char oxidation at low to moderate temperatures and heating rates (b1250 K and 1–1000 K/s). Such catalytic activity has not been demonstrated at high heating rates and temperatures approaching pulverized coal combustion applications. The effect of an iron-based additive on coal pyrolysis and char combustion was studied in a flat-flame burner system at high particle heating rates using a Kentucky bituminous coal. Pyrolysis and char reactivity of two treated coals with different catalyst loadings were studied and compared with the untreated coal. The total volatiles yield for the treated coals increased between 14 and 18% (absolute) on a dry ash-free basis compared to the untreated coal in experiments conducted at 1300 K. A first-order char oxidation model was used to compare the apparent char reactivities of the treated and untreated coals measured at 1500 and 1700 K. An increase in apparent char reactivity was observed for both treated samples

Original Publication Citation

Sowa, J. M. and T. H. Fletcher, “Investigation of an Iron-Based Additive on Coal Pyrolysis and Char Oxidation at High Heating Rates,” Fuel Processing Technology, 92, 2211-2218 (2011). DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2011.07.007

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date







Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering


Chemical Engineering

University Standing at Time of Publication

Full Professor