Exercise is Medicine on Campus: A Scoping Review of Evidence 2009 to 2021 and Call to Action


exercise, campus, scholarly, medicine


The Exercise is Medicine On Campus (EIM-OC) program began in 2009 at Chatham University by Dr. Robert Sallis, Dr. Carena Winters, and ACSM leadership. The vision of EIM-OC is “to see all campus and community members across multiple disciplines discover, share, and adopt the principles of EIM that will help change the culture of physical activity and chronic disease prevention and management campus wide.” Although EIM-OC maintains close track of programmatic details, such as the number of registered and recognized institutions, a comprehensive review of EIM-OC publications has not been previously reported. The purpose of this scoping review was to 1) identify and examine all peer-reviewed evidence of EIM-OC, including scholarly articles and published abstracts of presentations; 2) analyze the key themes of EIM-OC implementation and outcomes; and 3) identify gaps in the literature. The scoping review covered all peer-reviewed publications, including scholarly articles and published abstracts, from 2009 to December 2021. In total, 9 scholarly articles and 46 published abstracts were included in this review. The articles and abstracts covered a wide range of topics, including gold level (physical activity assessment and exercise referral), silver level (physical activity education), and bronze level (physical activity awareness and promotion) activities, as well as evaluation of EIM-OC programming. Now that EIM-OC programming is firmly established, we now call on campuses and leaders to strengthen their reporting of EIM-OC outcomes at all levels: gold, silver, and bronze. Publishing research evidence will strengthen EIM-OC programming and initiatives. Specifically, we encourage publishing scholarly articles and using broad means for increasing dissemination.

Original Publication Citation

Peterson, N. E., Zera, J. N., Tompkins, C. L., Rothermel, M. A., Davidson, C., Mandla, S., Jeffreys-Heil, R., ^Shirazi, Z., Stuhr, R., & Winters, C. S. (2022). Exercise is Medicine On Campus (EIM-OC): A scoping review of evidence 2009-2021 and call to action. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 21(8), 289-302. https://doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000978

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date






University Standing at Time of Publication

Associate Professor