electrostatic modes, non-neutral plasmas, Penning trap, induced charge, experimental geometry, temperature of electrostatic modes, plasma parameters


The dependence on induced charge, experimental geometry, and temperature of electrostatic modes in very low aspect ratio non-neutral plasmas in a Penning trap is considered. The modes are of interest as non-destructive diagnostics of the shape of the plasmas. These investigations include equilibrium calculations of plasma shapes and profiles at finite temperature and particle-in-cell simulations of axisymmetric modes. The results of the simulations are compared to the zero-temperature theory by Dubin [Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2076 (1991)] taken to first-order in the aspect ratio and to experimental measurements by Weimer et al. [Phys. Rev. A 49, 3842 (1994)]. In general, it is concluded that the Dubin theory provides a means to obtain reasonable estimates of plasma parameters, including density, radius, and axial length, for plasmas in the very important regime for which the axial length is comparable to the Debye length. In addition, dependence on induced charge, equilibrium shape, and plasma temperature are identified which can likely be used to improve agreement between theory and experiment.

Original Publication Citation

Mason, Grant W., Ross L. Spencer, and Jonathan A. Bennett."Simulations of electrostatic modes of non-neutral plasmas with small aspect ratio in a Penning trap." Physics of Plasmas 3 (1996): 152-1511.

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Peer-Reviewed Article

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Physical and Mathematical Sciences


Physics and Astronomy