leadership, nurse managers, nurses, organisational learning, psychological safety


Aim: To explore the validity of and expand upon a model of organisational learning in hospitals.

Background: Organisational learning is a positive change in an organisation's collective knowledge, cognition and/or action, leading to improved hospital performance. A current model offers an evidence-based, theoretical representation of organisational learning in hospitals, yet the intricacies of organisational learning in clinical practice are not fully understood. Additional guidance is needed to effectively foster and study organisational learning.

Method: Semi-structured interviews were used to gather 15 first-hand experiences of organisational learning from 14 nurses. Data were analysed via deductive thematic analysis.

Results: Organisational learning was more effective when aligned closely with the model and less effective when alignment was poor. The nurses' experiences illustrate relationships among elements of the model and underscore the importance of leadership and psychological safety in organisational learning.

Conclusion: This study helps validate the model and offers new insights into organisational learning. Additional research is needed to explore the role of leadership and psychological safety in organisational learning.

Implications for nursing management: Nurse managers can use the Organisational Learning in Hospitals model to evaluate organisational learning. Nurse managers have the opportunity to develop effective leadership practices designed to cultivate psychological safety within their teams.

Original Publication Citation

Lyman, B., Biddulph, M. E., Hopper, V. G., & Brogan, J. L. (2020). Nurses' experiences of organisational learning: A qualitative descriptive study. Journal of Nursing Management. 28(6), 1241-1249.

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date



Journal of Nursing Management





University Standing at Time of Publication

Assistant Professor

Included in

Nursing Commons