Analogical Modeling and morphological change: the case of the adjectival negative prefix in English
Skousen’s Analogical Modeling, Analogical Modeling, English, morphological change
This article examines the usefulness of Skousen’s Analogical Modeling (AM) for explaining morphological change. In contrast to previous accounts of analogy, AM constitutes a general unified model of language that accounts for both sporadic and systematic changes. AM also provides explicit constraints on analogy that allow explanation of how morphological changes begin, which forms most likely serve as patterns for analogy, and which forms are most likely to change.
AM is then tested on the case of the adjectival negative prefix in English (in-, un-, dis-, etc.), using the Middle and Early Modern English portions of the Helsinki corpus as a basis for prediction. AM was given the task of using forms containing negative prefixes for one time period to predict the prefixes that adjectives would take in the subsequent time period. For each of the roughly seventy-year periods in the corpus, AM was able to predict valid prefixes about 90 percent of the time.
Original Publication Citation
Don Chapman and Royal Skousen. “The Negative Prefix in English and Analogical Modeling of Language.” Journal of English Language and Linguistics 9 (2005): 333-57.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Chapman, Don William and Skousen, Royal, "Analogical Modeling and morphological change: the case of the adjectival negative prefix in English" (2005). Faculty Publications. 6554.
Cambridge University Press
© Cambridge University Press 2005
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