Interfaces, Polymer films, Polymers, Precipitation, Viscosity
Motivated by the much discussed, yet unexplained, presence of macrovoids in polymer membranes, we explore the impact of Marangoni flows in the process of nonsolvent induced phase separation. Such flows have been hypothesized to be important to the formation of macrovoids, but little quantitative evidence has been produced to date. Using a recently developed multifluid phase field model, we find that roll cells indicative of a solutal Marangoni instability are manifest during solvent/nonsolvent exchange across a stable interface. However, these flows are weak and subsequently do not produce morphological features that might lead to macrovoid formation. By contrast, initial conditions that lead to an immediate precipitation of the polymer film coincide with large Marangoni flows that disturb the interface. The presence of such flows suggests a new experimental and theoretical direction in the search for a macrovoid formation mechanism.
Original Publication Citation
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Tree, Douglas R.; Iwama, Tatsuhiro; Delaney, Kris T.; Lee, Joshua; and Fredrickson, Glenn H., "Marangoni Flows during Nonsolvent Induced Phase Separation" (2018). Faculty Publications. 6200.
American Chemical Society
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society
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