Keywords

Weighted clause ratio, Written corrective feedback, Linguistic accuracy, Communicative adequacy

Abstract

Determining linguistic improvement in L2 writing requires a precise measure of linguistic accuracy. Although numerous metrics of linguistic accuracy have been used in L2 research, Wigglesworth and Foster (2008) proposed a new kind of measure—a weighted clause ratio—based on the adequacy of the writer’s conveyed meaning. This paper evaluates the validity of this metric and compares it to two of the most similar measures of linguistic accuracy currently in use: the error-free T-unit ratio and the error-free clause ratio. The data collected and analyzed in this study were drawn from over 350 writing samples generated by 81 ESL writers whose language abilities range from low or intermediate to advanced. To provide baseline, comparative data, this study also analyzed writing samples from 16 native English-speaking students. This study utilized Many-Facet Rasch Measurement and other analyses to identify variables affecting the validity of the weighted clause ratio.

Original Publication Citation

Evans, N., Hartshorn, K. J., Cox, T. & Martin, T. (2014) Measures of written linguistic accuracy: Questions of reliability, validity, and practicality. Journal of Second Language Writing, 24, 33-50

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date

2014

Publisher

Journal of Second Language Writing

Language

English

College

Humanities

Department

Linguistics

University Standing at Time of Publication

Assistant Professor

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