Keywords

Modernization Theory, Adolescent conformity, China, Taiwan, United States

Abstract

This paper examines modernization theory's explanation of adolescent conformity behavior to determine patterns in three different cultural settings. Questionnaire survey data were collected from college students in mainland China, Taiwan, and the U.S. LISREL models were used to analyze the data. It was found that modernization theory was not well supported by the data. Analysis of the findings suggested that modernization theory test with cross-cultural data should take into consideration cultural characteristics, since much of human behavior is culturally determined. Contrary to modernization theory's predictions, the social institution of education is less important, but religion is highly valued in American society, while the reverse was found in the two Chinese societies.

Original Publication Citation

"Modernization Theory Revisited: A Cross-Cultural Study of Adolescent Conformity to Significant Others in Mainland China, Taiwan, and the U.S.A." Adolescence 29 (116):885-903 (with Zhang Jie).

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date

1994

Publisher

Adolescence

Language

English

College

Religious Education

Department

Sociology

University Standing at Time of Publication

Full Professor

Share

COinS