Nest Tree Selectivity by the Tropical Ant, Paraponera clavata
ants, neotropical ant, Parnera clavata, nectaries
Parnera clavata is a large, arboreal foraging, ground nesting, Neotropical ant which appears to rely heavily upon nectar from extra-floral nectaries. In a Costa Rican forest this ant built nests at the base of ten species of trees but seemed to select preferentially the tree Pentaclethra macroloba (Bennett & Breed 1985). These authors suggested that trees with extra-floral nectaries and buttresses may be selected by P. clavata. In Panama we found P. clavata nests at the base of 76 species of trees and shrubs, 1 palm, and 2 lianas on a 50 ha forest plot. The palm and 4 tree species were positively associated with apoP. clavata, while 4 species (3 shrubs and 1 tree) were negatively associated. Buttressing and the presence of extra-floral nectaries were not conspicuous features of nest trees.
Original Publication Citation
Belk, M.C., H.L. Black, C.D. Jorgensen, S.P. Hubbell, and R.B. Foster. 1989. Nest tree selectivity by the tropical ant Paraponera clavata. Biotropica 21:173-177.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Belk, Mark C.; Black, Hal L.; Jorgensen, Clive D.; Hubbell, Stephen P.; and Foster, Robin B., "Nest Tree Selectivity by the Tropical Ant, Paraponera clavata" (1989). Faculty Publications. 5484.
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