image segmentation, toboganning, reproducibility, intelligent paint, intelligent scissors


Intelligent Scissors and Intelligent Paint are complementary interactive image segmentation tools that allow a user to quickly and accurately select objects of interest using simple gesture motions with a mouse. With Intelligent Scissors. when the cursor position comes in proximity to an object edge, a live-wire boundary “snaps” to, and wraps around the object of interest. The Intelligent Paint tool uses the cursor position to sample the image data interior to the object and grows the current region, in discrete, snapping increments, to include similar neighboring regions. Both techniques make use of a watershed algorithm called toboganning. Wth Intelligent Scissors, image segmentation is formulated as a piece-wise globally optimal graph searching problem, while Intelligent Paint approaches it as an adaptive, cost-ordered connected component labelling scheme. Using these tools, objects or regions can be selected in a few seconds, with better accuracy and reproducibility than can be obtained using manual selection tools. In particular; interobserver reproduciblity using intelligent segmentation tools is far better than intraobserver reproducibility using manual segmentation methods.

Original Publication Citation

W. A. Barrett, L. J. Reese, and E. N. Mortensen. "Intelligent Segmentation Tools," IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, pp. 217-22, July, 22.

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Peer-Reviewed Article

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Physical and Mathematical Sciences


Computer Science