Conducting Research With Older Adults With Vision Impairment: Lessons Learned and Recommended Best Practices


AMD, age-related macular degeneration, vision impairment, research methods, best practices, older adults, research participation, recruitment, low vision accommodation, low vision, gerontology, visually impaired older adults


Older adults are underrepresented in research, and a potential barrier to their participation may be the increasing prevalence of vision loss and lack of accommodation for this challenge. Although vision loss may initially pose a challenge to research participation, its effects can be mitigated with early, in-depth planning. For example, recruitment is more inclusive when best practices identified in the literature are used in the preparation of written materials to reduce glare and improve readability and legibility. Alternatives to obtaining written consent may be used. Interviews are made accessible when done verbally and the author uses cueing and good diction. Remaining vision can be optimized through seating arrangement, lighting, and magnification. Challenges encountered and resolved in a recent study with severely visually impaired older adults are offered here as exemplars. Methodology for identifying and recruiting a sample comprised exclusively of visually impaired older adults is also offered herein.

Original Publication Citation

Trujillo Tanner, C., Caserta, M., Clayton, M., Kleinschmidt, J., Berstein, P., & Guo, J.-W. (2018). Conducting research with older adults with vision impairment: Lessons learned and recommended best practices. Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, 4(1–6).

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

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Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine





University Standing at Time of Publication

Assistant Professor