Proactive parenting, Parenting practices, Early adolescence, Cluster analysis
The purpose of the current study was to explore clusters of proactive parenting practices, and how they might vary as a function of parental demographics, the quality of the parent– child relationship, and the traits and behaviors of the adolescent child. Data were taken from the Flourishing Families Project, which includes 500 families with an early adolescent child (M age ¼ 11.49). Findings suggested that there were four clusters of parents, and patterns were similar for mothers and fathers. Findings also suggested that proactive clusters varied primarily as a function of demographics of the parent (e.g., religiosity, ethnicity, education) and the traits and behaviors of the adolescent child (e.g., empathy, internalizing and externalizing behaviors). Discussion highlights the importance of using a typological approach to study parenting, and places particular emphasis on parents’ use of pre-arming (alone, or in conjunction with other practices) in an attempt to avoid misbehavior before it occurs.
Original Publication Citation
Padilla-Walker, L. M., *Christensen, K. J., & Day, R. D. (2011). Proactive parenting practices during early adolescence: A cluster approach. Journal of Adolescence, 34, 203-214.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Padilla-Walker, Laura M.; Christensen, Katherine J.; and Day, Randal D., "Proactive parenting practices during early adolescence: A cluster approach" (2010). Faculty Publications. 4927.
Journal of Adolescence
Family, Home, and Social Sciences
© 2010 The Association for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.