Family Implicit Rules, Shame, and Adolescent Prosocial and Antisocial Communication Behaviors


family implicit rules, shame, prosocial communication, antisocial communication


This study examined the relationship between implicit family process rules and adolescent prosocial and antisocial communication behaviors. Data came from two-parent families in Wave 5 of the Flourishing Families Project which consisted of 322 families (fathers, mothers, and children ages 13–17). Both observational and questionnaire data were used in data collection. Prosocial and antisocial behaviors were assessed using observational codes from the Iowa Family Interaction Rating Scales. Each of the family members’ perceptions was used to assess constraining family rules and facilitative family rules. Findings showed a direct positive relationship between facilitative family process rules and prosocial communication and a negative relationship with antisocial communication for both girls and boys. Constraining family process rules were also positively related to antisocial communication behaviors in adolescents. Shame was a significant mediator of the relationship between facilitative family rules and prosocial behavior as well as between constraining family rules and antisocial behavior.

Original Publication Citation

*Crane, J., Harper, J., Bean, R., and Holmes, E. K. (2020). Family implicit rules, shame, and adolescent prosocial and antisocial communication behaviors. The Family Journal, 28(1), 72-82.

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date


Permanent URL


The Family Journal




Family, Home, and Social Sciences


Family Life

University Standing at Time of Publication

Associate Professor