gender revolution, marriage, family, motherhood


The gender revolution of the last half-century has dramatically reshaped the nature, quality, and stability of marriage and parenthood in the United States. A half-century ago, most married mothers did not work outside the home, and most men and women preferred this arrangement. But over the course of the second half of the twentieth century, mothers streamed into the labor force, fathers devoted more time to childcare and housework, and public opinion largely swung behind these changes, with most Americans expressing normative support for working mothers, as well as for more egalitarian relationships between mothers and fathers in the home (Spain and Bianchi 1996; Bianchi, Robinson, and Milkie 2007).

Original Publication Citation

Wilcox, W. B., & Dew, J. P. (2013). No one best way: Work family strategies, the gendered division of parenting, and the contemporary marriages of mothers and fathers. In W. B. Wilcox & K. K. Kline (Eds.), Gender and parenthood: Biological and social scientific perspectives (pp. 271–303). New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Permanent URL


Columbia University Press




Family, Home, and Social Sciences


Family Life

University Standing at Time of Publication

Associate Professor