Keywords

HALE, solar powered aircraft, exact derivatives, algorithmic differentiation

Abstract

This paper uses gradient-based optimization to minimize the mass of a solar-regenerative high-altitude long-endurance (SR-HALE) flying-wing aircraft while accounting for nonlinear aeroelastic effects. The aircraft is designed to fly year round at 35° latitude at 18 km above sea level and subjected to energy capture, energy storage, material failure, local buckling, stall, longitudinal stability, and coupled flight and aeroelastic stability constraints. The optimized aircraft has an aspect ratio of 54.52, a surface area of 73.56 m2 , a mass of 349.5 kg, exhibits little aeroelastic deflection at the design airspeed, and is primarily stability constrained. Several parameter sweeps are performed to determine sensitivity to altitude, latitude, battery specific energy, solar efficiency, avionics and payload power requirements, and minimum design velocity.

Original Publication Citation

McDonnell, T., and Ning, A., “Gradient-Based Optimization of Solar-Regenerative High-Altitude Long-Endurance Aircraft,” Journal of Aircraft, Sep. 2020. doi:10.2514/1.C035566

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date

2020-9

Publisher

AIAA

Language

English

College

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology

Department

Mechanical Engineering

University Standing at Time of Publication

Associate Professor

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