Title

Answering Old Questions: The Potential of Multilevel Models

Keywords

hierarchical data, multilevel models, longitudinal data, growth curve models

Abstract

A number of disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences address data that are quantitative and hierarchical. Examples include quantitative data on students who attend various schools, psychiatric patients who are treated by different mental health specialists, and workers who are employed by different types of firms. Longitudinal data are also hierarchical in the sense that data on individuals are collected at different time points. Similar to students being nested in schools, observations may be nested within individuals. This paper discusses a set of very useful statistical tools, known as multilevel models, that may be used to examine hierarchical data. It begins with a general description of these models and then provides specific examples that address common social science research issues. It also discusses software that makes these models available for even the novice social statistician.

Original Publication Citation

Hoffmann, John P. 2001. “Answering Old Questions: The Potential of Multilevel Models.” Sociological Theory and Methods (Japan) 16(1): 61-74.

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date

2001

Publisher

Sociological Theory and Methods

Language

English

College

Family, Home, and Social Sciences

Department

Sociology

University Standing at Time of Publication

Full Professor

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