The Four ‘R’s of Openness and ALMS Analysis: Frameworks for Open Educational Resources
open education, open educational resources
A significant movement in education concerns the use of open educational resources. By ‘open’ it is generally meant that the resource is available at no cost to others for adaptation and reuse in different contexts. However, ‘open’ is not a simple dichotomy; rather, there is a continuum of openness. We discuss four separate aspects of reuse and demonstrate how these describe different levels of openness. We discuss how the licensing and technical aspects of open educational resources affect the relative openness of an open educational resource. Implications for those creating open educational resources are discussed.
Original Publication Citation
John Hilton III, David Wiley, Jared Stein, and Aaron Johnson. “The four R’s of openness and ALMS Analysis: Frameworks for Open Educational Resources.” Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning. 25 (1): 37-44. (2010)
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Hilton, John III; Wiley, David; Stein, Jared; and Johnson, Aaron, "The Four ‘R’s of Openness and ALMS Analysis: Frameworks for Open Educational Resources" (2010). Faculty Publications. 3359.
Taylor & Francis
© 2010 The Open University