Defining OER-Enabled Pedagogy


OER-enabled pedagogy, open pedagogy, open learning, open educational practices


The term “open pedagogy” has been used in a variety of different ways over the past several decades. In recent years, its use has also become associated with Open Educational Resources (OER). The wide range of competing definitions of open pedagogy, together with its semantic overlap with another underspecified term, open educational practices, makes it difficult to conduct research on the topic of open pedagogy. In making this claim we do not mean to cast doubt on the potential effectiveness of the many pedagogical approaches labeled open. In this article, rather than attempting to argue for a canonical definition of open pedagogy, we propose a new term, “OER-enabled pedagogy,” defined as the set of teaching and learning practices that are only possible or practical in the context of the 5R permissions that are characteristic of OER. We propose criteria used to evaluate whether a form of teaching constitutes OER-enabled pedagogy and analyze several examples of OER-enabled pedagogy with these criteria.

Original Publication Citation

David Wiley and John Hilton III. “OER-Enabled Pedagogy.” International Review of Research on Distributed and Open Learning, 19(4) (2018).

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date


Permanent URL


The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning




Religious Education


Ancient Scripture

University Standing at Time of Publication

Assistant Professor