American Indian Tribal/State Title IV-E Intergovernmental Agreements: An Update on the Challenges and Opportunities for Accessing Foster Care and Adoption Assistance


American Indian, Native American, child welfare, Title IV-E, foster care, adoption


Title IV-E of the Social Security Act is one of the most important funding sources available to American Indian tribes for child welfare services. A nationwide content analysis of existing Title IV-E agreements was conducted, as well as qualitative surveys with tribal and state officials in states with IV-E agreements. Results of this study revealed that most IV-E agreements contain provisions for administrative costs and foster care maintenance payments. Roughly half of the agreements analyzed contain provisions for adoption maintenance payments. Findings are discussed in light of current legislation and recommendations are made to help facilitate effective IV-E agreements.

Original Publication Citation

Limb, G., & *Baxter, A. (2012). American Indian tribal/state Title IV-E intergovernmental agreements: An update on the challenges and opportunities for accessing foster care and adoption assistance. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 6(4), 497-511.

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date


Permanent URL


Journal of Public Child Welfare




Family, Home, and Social Sciences


Social Work

University Standing at Time of Publication

Full Professor