Title

Deporting the American Dream: Immigration Enforcement and Latino Foreclosures

Keywords

immigration; Latinos; mixed-status households; foreclosures; stratification

Abstract

Over the past decade, Latinos have been buffeted by two major forces: a record number of immigrant deportations and the housing foreclosure crisis. Yet, prior work has not assessed the link between the two. We hypothesize that deportations exacerbate rates of foreclosure among Latinos by removing income earners from owner-occupied households. We employ a quasi-experimental approach that leverages variation in county applications for 287(g) immigration enforcement agreements with Immigration and Customs Enforcement and data on foreclosure filings from 2005–2012. These models uncover a substantial association of enforcement with Hispanic foreclosure rates. The association is stronger in counties with more immigrant detentions and a larger share of undocumented persons in owner-occupied homes. The results imply that local immigration enforcement plays an important role in understanding why Latinos experienced foreclosures most often. The reduced home ownership and wealth that result illustrate how legal status and deportation perpetuate the racial stratification of Latinos.

Original Publication Citation

Rugh, Jacob S. andMatthew Hall. 2016. “Deporting the American Dream:Immigration Enforcement and Latino Foreclosures.” Sociological Science 3:1053-1076.

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date

2016-12-08

Publisher

Sociological Science

Language

English

College

Family, Home, and Social Sciences

Department

Sociology

University Standing at Time of Publication

Associate Professor

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