War and disaster in Sri Lanka: Implications for widows' family adjustment and perception of self‐efficacy in caring for one's family


Sri Lanka, family life adjustment, war and disaster, self-efficacy


The data for this study were collected in 2014 from widows in Eastern Sri Lanka whose spouses died in the civil war, tsunami, or from health‐related problems. Conservation of resources (COR) theory was used as a lens to examine the extent to which war and tsunami‐related damages and family problems predict variation in social support, family adjustment and a perception of self‐efficacy in caring for one's family as reported by widowed women. We also investigated whether social support from the community and social support from family and friends mediated those relationships. Results of a path model fit to the data suggested variation in family adjustment to be negatively predicted by war‐related family problems and positively predicted by the social support of friends and family. Additionally, a sense of self‐efficacy in caring for one's family was found to be inversely predicted by war‐related family problems and tsunami damages. Clinical, social and theoretical implications are discussed as well as directions for further research.

Original Publication Citation

Banford Witting, A.J.,Lambert, J., & Wickrama, T. (2016). War & Disaster in Sri Lanka:Implications for Family Adjustment and Efficacy for Caring forFamily. International Journal of Psychology, DOI 10.1002/ijop.12407

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date


Permanent URL



International Journal of Psychology




Family, Home, and Social Sciences


Family Life

University Standing at Time of Publication

Full Professor