New‐Concept Part‐Time Employment as a Work‐Family Adaptive Strategy for Women Professionals with Small Children


employment, family, job flexibility, professional women, work


This study investigates how the option for new‐concept part‐time (NPT) employment influences the ability of mothers of preschool children working in professional occupations to successfully integrate work and family responsibilities. Female NPT professionals (n = 279) and female full‐time (FT) professionals (n = 250) were compared. The NPT group reported 20 fewer weekly work hours and about $18,000 less estimated annual household income than the FT group. They allocated this additional time primarily to caring for and nurturing their dependent children. They also reported less job‐related travel, unnecessary work, and work‐to‐family conflict, as well as greater work‐family success, childcare satisfaction, and family success. However, NPT mothers reported a more traditional division of labor in household responsibilities and less career opportunity and work success. Implications are presented and discussed.

Original Publication Citation

Hill, E. J., Martinson, V., & Ferris, M. (2004). New-concept part-time employment: A work-family adaptive strategy for women professionals with small children. Family Relations, 53, 282-292. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.0004.x

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date


Permanent URL


Family Relations




Family, Home, and Social Sciences


Family Life

University Standing at Time of Publication

Full Professor