Framing Carework Context, Processes, and Outcomes


Carework, Social work, Family studies, family life


Everyday, prosaic processes of work in the home have remained unexplored in the research and theory about family life because of their taken-for-granted, mundane, and pervasive nature. Likewise, major gaps about mothering exist in terms of experiences and activities, social locations, and structural contexts. These contexts, processes, and outcomes of carework in the home warrant a more central position in our research and theorizing. This paper situates a processoriented model of care within existing research and theory related to invisible family work and caregiving. The model identifies a number of contexts and processes that influence individual, familial, and societal outcomes as a theoretical basis for expanding our research and theorizing on invisible family carework. Perhaps most importantly, however, this model draws our attention to a variety of processes embedded in everyday home life that require significant amounts of time, energy, and emotional investment that have previously been overlooked as components of family carework.

Original Publication Citation

Allen, S., Klein, S. R., & Hill, E. J. (2008). Framing carework: context, processes, and outcomes. Journal of the Association for Research on Mothering, 10(1).

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date


Permanent URL


Journal of the Association for Research on Mothering




Family, Home, and Social Sciences


Family Life

University Standing at Time of Publication

Full Professor