Amazon basin, Amazonia, German, Germany, Andes, Guiana, Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, German forest, social justice, national unity, sacred, ecology, Charles V, Ambrosius Ehinger, Nikolaus Federmann, Orinoco, "history of the Indians", Georg Hohermuth von Speyer, Philipp von Hutten, Ulrich von Hutten, Reformation, Juan de Caraval, "Zeitung aus India, " Ambrosio Alfinger, Nicolás de Federmán, Jorge de la Espira, Felipe de Hutten, Jesuits, Marañón, Samuel Fritz, Alexander von Humboldt, curare, Hylea, Bonpland, Classical, Romantic period, Totaleffekt, Totalgestaltung, Totaleindruck, Stimmung, Mount Chimborazo, Naturphilosophie, Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, Brothers Grimm, Yanomami tribe, Pixar, Up film, Ernst Haeckel, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Urpflanze, Carl Philipp von Martius, Johann von Spix, Museum of Ethnology, Munich, Maximilian I Habsburg, Mexico, CO2, Stefan Zweig, Werner Herzog, Aguirre, Fitzcarraldo, Klaus Kinski, Hans Staden, Richshoffer, Wilhelm Ludwig von Eschwege, Prinz von Weid, Prinz Adalbert of Prussia, Johann Georg Grimm, Meyer, Koch Grünberg, Otto Schulz-Kampfhenkel


An exploration of German conquistadors, missionaries, explorers, empresses, naturalists, travelers, immigrants and cultural interpreters who were conspicuous among Europeans over five centuries fascinated by the biodiversity and native peoples of the incomparably vast Amazon basin stretching from the Andes to the Atlantic, from the Guiana Highlands to Peru and Bolivia, from Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador to the mouth of the Amazon at the Brazilian equator.

Original Publication Citation

Migrations and Connections: Latin America and Europe in the Modern World, SALALM Proceedings of Berlin Conference 2009 (New Orleans, SALALM Secretariat, 2012).

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date


Permanent URL


SALALM Secretariat




Harold B. Lee Library

University Standing at Time of Publication

Full Professor