The Self Assessment of Future Events Scale (SAFE): Assessing Perceptions of Risk for Future Violence in Intimate Partner Relationships


partner violence, PTSD


The purpose of this study was to develop a survey measure, appropriate for use in clinical or research settings, to assess respondent’s perceptions that their partner will engage in future physical violence, verbal/psychological violence, or controlling behaviors. Data were collected from adults in intimate relationships. Exploratory factor analysis was used to refine the measure and confirmatory factor analysis provided evidence for the fit of the final version of the measure. Scores on the measure indicated less safety for participants in distressed relationships and for participants meeting the study criteria for PTSD. Scores on the measure also indicated significantly decreased safety for participants that reported being the victims of physical violence and participants reporting both victimization and perpetration in their current intimate relationships.

Original Publication Citation

Smith, D. B., Whiting, J. B., Karakurt, G., Servino, D., & Oka, M. (2012). The self assessment of future events scale (SAFE): Assessing perceptions of risk for future violence in intimate partner relationships. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.2012.00319.x

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date


Permanent URL


Journal of Marital and Family Therapy




Family, Home, and Social Sciences


Family Life

University Standing at Time of Publication

Full Professor