multicultural, multicultural education, sensitivity training, meta-analysis
The American Psychological Association and many other professional mental health organizations require graduate programs to provide education in multicultural issues. However, the effectiveness of multicultural education has been debated in the literature over the past several years. The overall purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of multicultural education using meta-analytic methodologies. Findings revealed that multicultural education interventions were typically associated with positive outcomes across a wide variety of participant and study characteristics. Multicultural education interventions that were explicitly based on theory and research yielded outcomes nearly twice as beneficial as those that were not. Priorities for future inquiry are enumerated, and increased institutional support for multicultural education initiatives is solicited.
Original Publication Citation
Smith, T. B., Constantine, M. G., Dunn, T., Dinehart, J., & Montoya, J. A. (2006). Multicultural education in the mental health professions: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53, 132-145.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Smith, Timothy B.; Constantine, Madonna G.; Dunn, Todd W.; Dinehart, Jared M.; and Montoya, Jared A., "Multicultural education in the mental health professions: A meta-analytic review" (2006). All Faculty Publications. 2028.
American Psychological Association
David O. McKay School of Education
Counseling Psychology and Special Education
Copyright 2006 by the American Psychological Association. The final version of this article can be found here: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-018.104.22.168.
Copyright Use Information