Keywords

identity development, spiritual identity, mental health outcomes, positive mental health, personal identities, spiritual self

Abstract

Both researchers and practitioners have demonstrated considerable interest in identity development, and positive personal identities have been associated with numerous positive mental health outcomes. However, major theories of identity development have neglected the salience of spiritual identity, even though the early work of William James placed this as a central component of personality. This article reviews four major theories of identity development (cognitive, psychodynamic, systems, and narrative) and suggests spiritual identity parallels to these theories. A tentative model of spiritual identity development is presented. Implications for therapy and future research concerning spiritual identity development are discussed.

Original Publication Citation

Poll, J., & Smith, T. B. (2003). The spiritual self: Toward a conceptualization of spiritual identity development. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 31, 129-142.

Document Type

Peer-Reviewed Article

Publication Date

2003-08-04

Publisher

University of Biola

Language

English

College

David O. McKay School of Education

Department

Counseling Psychology and Special Education

Share

COinS