During the COVID-19 pandemic many researchers noted changes in exercise, physical activity, and sports behaviors. The current study attempts to identify aspects of motivation for physical activity, exercise, and sport for students in two countries, the USA and Hungary. The current study used the Sports Motivation Scale II to measure students’ motivation based on the Self-Determination Theory. Results indicated that students in the USA were more motivated for exercise, physical activity, and sport during the COVID-19 pandemic than were their Hungarian counterparts. Students in the United States scored higher (MUS = 17.88) in overall motivation than their Hungarian counterparts (MHungary = −11.57) (F(1,413) = 1290.764, p < 0.001). No other significant differences were identified. These differences could have been due to the differences in types of universities. Perhaps students in Hungary experienced different influences by being enrolled at a university that specializes in sport.
College and Department
Life Sciences; Exercise Sciences
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Davies, Whitney Gene, "Motivation Toward Sport, Physical Activity and Exercise Between College Students in Hungary and the United States During COVID-19" (2022). Theses and Dissertations. 9748.
SMS-II, self-determination theory, pandemic