Abstract

The European Corn Borer (ECB), Ostrinia nubilalis, is an agricultural pest which bores small holes in the rind of maize stalks and then proceeds to consume the pith. Because most of the damage to the stalk is internal, it is difficult to quantify the damage to an individual stalk without time-consuming, manual examination. This work explored the hypothesis that internal damage could be detected and quantified using non-destructive, electromagnetic measurements. Laboratory experiments and numerical simulation studies predicted changes in capacitance of stalks due to hollow core ECB damage. A guarded probe device to measure electrical impedance from 500 Hz to 100 kHz was designed and constructed for data collection. A field test with the measurement device was conducted and frequency-swept impedance measurements were taken on field-grown plants with and without ECB damage. Field measurements demonstrated that statistically significant capacitance changes associated with ECB damage could be detected in agreement with numerical simulations of stalk damage. Numerical, laboratory, and field test results all supported the hypothesis that electromagnetic impedance measurements, in particular, capacitance, provide a promising new avenue for ECB damage evaluation. While further research will be needed to further refine this concept, this measurement approach is non-destructive, thus allowing measurements to be performed without sacrificing the infested plants.

Degree

MS

College and Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Rights

https://lib.byu.edu/about/copyright/

Date Submitted

2021-04-14

Document Type

Thesis

Handle

http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/etd12492

Keywords

European Corn Borer, capacitance, impedance, maize, nondestructive testing, agriculture

Language

english

Included in

Engineering Commons

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