This dissertation investigates non-covalent macromolecular chemistry using Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FTICR-MS) based techniques. The included studies reveal the impact of molecular structure on conformation and binding energetics. Supramolecules that might be too heavy to be dissociated in single collision-induced dissociation (CID) were dissociated using sustained off-resonance collision induced dissociation (SORI-CID) techniques. Relative binding energies and thresholds were evaluated for various macromolecular host-guest systems. Besides the non-covalent binding energies, conformation characterization was undertaken by a novel method to determine collision cross sectional areas using FTICR (CRAFTI, and multi-CRAFTI), initially developed by the Dearden lab. The systems chosen for further understanding of macromolecular interactions include calixarene-alkali metal complexes, cucurbituril-alkali halide complexes and cryptand-alkali metal complexes. The results were found to be consistent with expected behavior, and strongly correlated with predictions from computations. Size- and shape selectivity, as well as host-guest polarizability, are the main factors that govern the non-covalent macromolecular interactions that control complex conformation and dissociation. The results demonstrate the ability of FTICR to simultaneously determine binding energy, structure and conformation, which are the most important aspects for determination of comprehensive molecular characterization.
College and Department
Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Chemistry and Biochemistry
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Shen, Jiewen, "Structures and Characteristics of Macromolecular Interactions in Gas Phase Using Fourier-Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry" (2020). Theses and Dissertations. 9319.
FTICR-MS, CRAFTI, SORI-CID, macromolecular chemistry, host-guest, non-covalent