To measure the differences in ground reaction forces between running shoes, racing flats, and distance spikes, twenty intercollegiate distance runners ran across a force plate at 6.7m/s (for males) and 5.74m/s (for females) in each of the three types of shoes. In order to control for differences in foot strike, only subjects who had a heel strike were included in the data analysis (N=16). Repeated-measures ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc test (p<0.05) revealed loading rate and impact peak to be significantly increased in the flats and spikes compared to running shoes. Stiffness in spikes was significantly higher than in running shoes. Stance time in spikes and flats was decreased. These results can be used to better inform competitive runners, coaches, and trainers of the risks and performance benefits when determining the frequency and duration of the use of competitive footwear in training.
College and Department
Life Sciences; Exercise Sciences
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Logan, Suzanna Jean, "Ground Reaction Force Differences Between Running Shoes, Racing Flats, and Distance Spikes in Runners" (2007). Theses and Dissertations. 925.
ground reaction forces, shoes, running, impact