This research focuses on the creation, validation, automation, and deployment of a nondestructive vertical electrical impedance (VEI) bridge deck assessment apparatus. A multichannel impedance analyzer with a moving platform is developed that can assess the deterioration state of a bridge deck without stationary traffic control. The multichannel apparatus is capable of taking over 500 impedance samples a second and can scan a bridge deck over 500 times faster than more traditional techniques. This research also shows VEI measurements are inversely proportional to the diffusivity of ions through concrete and that an impedance measurement frequency of 25 kHz is the most predictive measurement frequency of diffusivity. Finally, this research demonstrates the utility of VEI measurements by inspecting five asphalt overlaid bridges. VEI measurements were sensitive to defects in membranes and are one of the only nondestructive measurements that provide useful information about the deterioration state of asphalt overlaid bridge decks.
College and Department
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Electrical and Computer Engineering
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Baxter, Jared Scott, "Vertical Electrical Impedance Measurements of Concrete Bridge Decks" (2019). Theses and Dissertations. 9106.
electrical impedance, bridge decks, non-destructive evaluations