There's No Place Like Home: How Residential Attributes Affect Family Functioning

Carly Marie Thornock, Brigham Young University


The purpose of this study was to examine the ways in which actual (e.g., density and openness) and perceptual (e.g., crowding and distance) elements of the spatial home environment act as predictors of family functioning. Data were gathered from 126 families whose child was attending a university’s preschool/kindergarten facility in a mid-sized community in the Western United States. Structural equation modeling (SEM, AMOS 19.0) was employed to examine the strength of the relationships within the model. Results showed that though actual home items (specifically density and great room openness) affect family functioning outcomes, perceived crowding was especially influential as a mediational variable. Findings suggest that how one perceives his or her home environment has more of an effect on family functioning than actual home characteristics.