A Systematic Review of Interventions for Implementation Fidelity for Academic Interventions
To address students’ academic and behavioral needs, schools are held accountable for implementing effective evidence–based interventions. An important relationship exists between implementation fidelity and the effectiveness of interventions. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate the evidence of interventions to improve the implementation fidelity of academic interventions and to evaluate the quality of the existing research with a focus on the quality of the research on the most successful interventions. A total of 13 studies met the inclusion criteria. Each study was coded based on a quality of evidence coding protocol and the findings were then reviewed and synthesized. The results show that performance feedback was the most used and successful intervention for increasing implementation fidelity of an academic intervention. Professional development and teacher training were other interventions that were implemented to improve implementation fidelity. These results are summarized and implications for school-based practice are discussed. With such few studies that met the inclusion criteria, there is a need for more research in this area.