Abstract

Advancements in Li-ion batteries are needed especially for the development of electric vehicles and stationary energy storage. Prior research has shown mesoscale variations in electrode electronic conductive properties, which can cause capacity loss and uneven electrochemical behavior of Li-ion batteries. A micro-four-line probe (μ4LP) was used to measure electronic conductivity and contact resistance over mm-length scales in that prior work. This work describes improvements to overcome the challenge of unreliable surface contact between theμ4LP and the sample. Ultimately a second generation flexible probe called the micro-radial-surface probe (μ4LP) was designed and produced. The test fixture was also optimized to obtain consistent contact with the new measurement probe and to perform measurements at a lower force. The μ4LP was then used to study the effect of heterogeneity on calendering, which is the compression of electrode films to obtain a uniform thickness and desired porosity. The thickness, electronic conductivity and contact resistance of two cathodes and one anode were measured before and after calendering. The the spatial standard deviation divided by the mean was used as a measure of heterogeneity. The results show variability in conductive properties increased for two of the three samples after calendering, despite the increased uniformity in thickness of the electrodes. This suggests that additional quality control metrics are needed besides thickness to be able to identify uneven degradation and produce longer lasting batteries.

Degree

MS

College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology

Rights

https://lib.byu.edu/about/copyright/

Date Submitted

2020-12-12

Document Type

Thesis

Handle

http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/etd11494

Keywords

lithium-ion batteries, heterogeneity, electronic conductivity

Language

english

Included in

Engineering Commons

Share

COinS