Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its associated neural and cognitive sequelae are of increasing interest in military populations. Blast-related TBI is becoming more commonplace in military Service Members and Veterans since Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation New Dawn and their following conflicts. It is currently unclear whether blast-related injuries cause unique neural and cognitive deficits. The present investigation, in Study 1, aims to investigate the differences in blast-related and non-blast related TBI using traditional statistical techniques. In Study 2, this study will demonstrate the use of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) in diffusion tensor imaging data. QCA is a relatively new technique that examines configurations of variables that lead to a predefined outcome. QCA has the ability to uncover configurations of variables not yet considered in empirical literature, which may contribute new perspectives on the many different variables often associated with brain injury. Study 1 demonstrated no significant differences between uninjured and injured subjects in white matter integrity, and no differences between blast-related and non-blast related mechanisms. Study 2 demonstrated limited support for the use of QCA in diffusion tensor imaging. Evidence for the use of this method in other neuroimaging modalities is reviewed
College and Department
Family, Home, and Social Sciences; Psychology
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Hodges, Cooper Benton, "Heterogenity in Brain Injury: An Investigation of the Efficacy of Qualitative Comparative Analysis in Diffusion Tensor Imaging" (2020). Theses and Dissertations. 8664.
Traumatic brain injury, military, blast-related TBI, Qualitative Comparative Analysis